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Senate Bill 1300 — Child labor

Senate Bill 1300 — Child labor

Parrish Miller
February 14, 2024

Bill Description: Senate Bill 1300 would repeal regulations and prohibitions that impede voluntary youth employment. 

Rating: +3

Does it give government any new, additional, or expanded power to prohibit, restrict, or regulate activities in the free market? Conversely, does it eliminate or reduce government intervention in the market?

Senate Bill 1300 would repeal four sections of Idaho code (44-1301, 44-1302, 44-1304, and 44-1305) that regulate or prohibit youth employment. It would also amend and renumber related sections of code. It would amend Section 44-1306, Idaho Code, to clarify that the prohibition against "theatrical employment of children" only applies to children under the age of 16. 


Does it increase barriers to entry into the market? Examples include occupational licensure, the minimum wage, and restrictions on home businesses. Conversely, does it remove barriers to entry into the market?

The regulations and prohibitions that Senate Bill 1300 would repeal deal with access to the market by minors. Repealing these regulations and prohibitions would remove significant government-created barriers to young people participating in the market. 


Does it violate the spirit or the letter of either the U.S. Constitution or the Idaho Constitution? Examples include restrictions on speech, public assembly, the press, privacy, private property, or firearms. Conversely, does it restore or uphold the protections guaranteed in the U.S. Constitution or the Idaho Constitution?

Senate Bill 1300 would respect the rights of parents and families to make decisions about youth employment. Parents and guardians — not government — are best equipped to decide when children are mature enough to seek gainful employment. 

The bill would also be helpful for families that homeschool or use other alternative forms of education because it repeals prohibitions of youth employment during school hours. These regulations unduly burden homeschoolers and others who do not necessarily study during the same hours that public schools operate.


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